Limping is one of the most common reasons why dogs are brought in to see our Greensboro vets. So, for today's post, we have compiled some of the most common causes of limping in dogs and when you should seek veterinary care.
Conditions That Could Cause Your Dog to Limp
Similar to people, dogs can encounter a number of issues that can lead to limping. Unlike humans, however, dogs can't tell us what happened to them or how much their leg hurts. It's up to you as the dog owner to determine what's causing your dog's limp and discomfort so you can know how to help. Below are just a few of the most common conditions that could lead to your dog limping. If you believe that your four-legged friend is experiencing any one of these issues book an appointment with your primary vet right away.
Cranial Cruciate Ligament TearsCranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) ruptures and tears are the most common leg injuries in dogs and are typically caused by overexertion in exercises such as running and jumping. Certain dog breeds are at higher risk of this injury than others including German shepherds, Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, rottweilers, and Newfoundlands.
Luxating PatellaThis injury is most common in small breed dogs such as Pomeranians, chihuahuas, and Yorkshire terriers, however, it's seen in dogs of all breeds. And it occurs when a dog's patella (kneecap) shifts out of alignment with the femur (thighbone). When this injury takes place in small dogs it generally occurs towards the inside of the limb or medially, it can also happen laterally but that is usually only seen in larger breeds.
Canine Carpal Hyperextension
This condition is most common in active larger breed dogs, but it can still affect smaller breeds. It's seen in the forelimb just above the dog's paw and happens when a dog applies excessive force to the carpus joint making it collapse. Symptoms of this injury include favoring one leg over another, swelling in the forelimb, and joint instability.
Other Common Causes of Limping in Dogs
While your dog's limping could be caused by something minor such as a small stone caught between their toes or it could be an indication of a serious health concern. Below are some causes of limping that all pet parents should be aware of:
- Trauma, such as broken bones
- Strains or tears (ligaments, tendons, muscles)
- Something painful stuck in their paw
- Insect bite or sting
- Vascular conditions
- Inflammatory conditions
- Infectious diseases, such as Lyme
When To Head To The Vet
While it's not always necessary to visit the vet when your dog is limping, there are some situations where your pup will require urgent veterinary care. If any of the following apply to your dog it's time to contact your veterinarian or your nearest emergency animal clinic for care.
- Limping in combination with a fever
- Limbs that feel hot to the touch
- A broken limb (will be at an irregular angle)
- Any moderate to severe swelling
- A dangling limb (this indicates dislocation)
How To Help a Limping Dog
As soon as you see your dog limping, do your best to help them rest. You should try to limit their mobility in order to prevent any additional strain that could make the injury worse. You should also hold off on exercising your dog until they have recovered, and keep them on a leash when you take them outside for bathroom breaks in order to prevent them from running.
Examine your pup's foot for signs of injury, such as cuts. Call your vet if you notice something painful.
If you believe your dog's limp is being caused by inflammation, try alternating between heat and ice packs as a way to help reduce swelling and discomfort. Contact your vet for recommendations on which to apply and when.
Look for bleeding. This should give insight into whether your dog has experienced an injury, bite, or puncture.
Generally, if your dog's limp isn't severe, you can just monitor your pup's progress at home over 24-48 hours, watching for more symptoms or to see if the limp becomes more pronounced.
Most of the time it's best to err on the side of caution and schedule an appointment with your vet. Your veterinarian may be able to help both you and your pooch feel better. If the limp doesn't start resolving itself, is getting worse, or is accompanied by whining or yelping, it's time to call your vet or visit your nearest emergency pet hospital.
Your veterinarian has the training and knowledge needed to diagnose the cause of your pup's limp and determine the severity of their pain. A thorough examination may include blood work, tick testing, or X-rays. Your dog's breed, history, age, and general health will all be considered in the diagnosis, as well as the prescribed treatment plan.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.